The History Of The Creation Of The Transatlantic Link

Development of Telecommunications did not stop the ocean. 19 th century made it possible for telegraphic communication between the continents, and 20 and the telephone. Today, when the planet is surrounded by a dense swarm of satellites, problems polutorovekovoy ago seem ridiculous, but actually laying the cable transatlatnicheskogo was an engineering feat of mankind. In 1856 the uk had established a company to lay a transatlantic cable. The first attempts did not succeed, but to 858, the cable between the shores of Ireland and Newfoundland was finally laid. And 16 August, President asp and the Queen of England sent the first telegram to each other, and the transfer of 103 words took 16 hours. But a month later the cable went down, apparently due to corrosion. And only in 1866 succeeded in constant telegraphic communication between America and Europe. Telephone cable conceived to take place from 20-ies of the 20 th century, but work began only in the 50's years before that protect the long-wavelength radio link. The first telephone cable was laid in 1956, after a hundred years and one month after the telegraph cable. Currently, submarine cables are manufactured on the basis of fiber. But now there are problems, it is worth remembering the problems with cable breaks in Mediterranean Sea in 2008, when without internet for a long time remained 70% in India and Egypt.