After the War, as much the Party of the Congress, as Muslim Liga was only contented with independence. It is added this the financial exhaustion of the after-Second metropolis War, moment where its military power already was not the same. Credit: Pete Cashmore-2011. In 1947, India Independence Act took care of finally to the independence claims, this if has even so not given in accordance with the desire of ' ' lder' ' of the movement: in contrast of what it wanted Gandhi, India was divided in two States, the Union of the Indian States and the Pakistan. The independence of India was followed of violent ethnic-religious conflicts. With the cooperation of the Indian government, in 1971, then the Eastern Pakistan became independent (Bangladesh).
The relations between India and Pakistan if had aggravated in the decade of 1990. In the Cashmere, a mulumana guerrilla intended to transform it into independent country (or Pakistani region), supported for the Pakistan, generating combats with India that had left thousand of deceased. The question Cashmere, however, continued far from a pacific solution. Although the maleficent consequences of these conflicts, India is a country that comes significantly in the last few decades growing; the technology covers a scale that goes of most primitive to the most sophisticated. Beyond being a nuclear power, with a considerable armory of bombs, in year 2000 if it becomes one of the main producers of programs of computer of the world.
After World War II, the conflicts ideological politicians and between U.S.A. and the Ussr would mark all the history of Asia during the second half of century XX. The Asian nationalism, already affirmed in the after-first period war world-wide and accented by the 1929 crisis, was strengthened by the American and Soviet support to the independence movements, in way to the general weakness of the Europe, for the support of the ONU (that it recognized the right to ' ' self-determination of the peoples asiticos' '), and for the proper conscience of the Asian peoples how much to its diverse contributions for the victory of the metropolises.
Analizaremos also its internal disagreements of this party in the decades of 1950-60, the condicionantes factors of these disagreements and its practical consequncias for the Brazilian Communists. CHAPTER I the SPROUTING OF the COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRAZIL Brazilian Section of the Communist International Little time after the success of the Russian Revolution in October 1917 a revolutionary wave seemed to sweep the world. The theoretical and practical ability of Vladimir Ilitch Uilanov (Lnin) seemed to influence more after the working-class movement the revolution of what the proper marxist theory in which it was felt inspired. When leading this theory for a country where the historical conditions were well different of the historical conditions of the nations where Marx believed that the socialism would win (Germany, England etc), Lnin not only obtained to lead the socialist revolution in Czarist Russia, but conquered adepts of a organizacional system of the revolutionary vanguard in everybody. The majority of some Communist Parties that had after appeared in the planet Revolution 1917 was strong on to $marxist-Leninist theory e, consequently, to Communist party of now renomeada Soviet Union (former Russia), established after the revolution soon. This party was the heir ideological politician and direct of the Bolchevique Party, conductor of the revolution.
They appear in the entire world left communist guided by the marxism-leninismo, revolutionary theory spread out by the Communist Party of Soviet Unio (PCUS), and consequentemente on to III the Communist International that was controlled for this party, organizacional reference of the working-class movement after the Russian Revolution. The element of rational evaluation if imposed in increasing way after refluxo of what it seemed to be in the posterior years the 1917, the tide of the world-wide revolution. Of course it is almost impossible, in it practises this element of the total and gotten passionate loyalty that the Communists, as individuals, had its cause, that if identified with its party and that it meant in turn, loyalty the Communist International and the Soviet Union.
This situation provided financial conditions to the traders to invest in the artistic production of sculptors, painters, musicians, architects, writers, etc. At this time the governing and the clergy had started to protect and to finance to the artists and intellectuals what he was known as patronage whose objective of the patrons (governing and bourgeois) if became more popular between the regional communities where they acted. In this period, it was common the noble families to order to paintings (photographs) sculptures next to the artists. In the peninsula italiota that the commerce more if it developed giving origin to a great amount of places of artistic production. Cities as Venice, Florena and Genoa had had an expressive artistic and intellectual movement. In virtue of this, Italy passed to be known as the cradle of the Renaissance. The world of the arts of this time was characterized by the valuation of the man and the nature, of the Real, opposing itself it the holy ghost, supernatural (characteristic of the medieval cultural period).
The modern iderio cousin for the rationality, the dignity human being, the scientific severity and the reutilizao of the greco-roman artistic style. For the artists of this time, the Greeks and the Romans possuam a complete vision and human being of the nature, in contrast of the medieval ones. In this direction, the valued qualities more in the human being had started to be intelligence, the knowledge and dom artistic. At last, in modernistas centuries XV and XVI the man starts to be the main personage (antropocentrismo) portraied in the arts. The main representatives of the Italian Renaissance and the main ones painted, sculptor, scientist, engineer, physicist, writer, etc. Workmanships: Smooth Mona, Last Supper.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) – it was distinguished in architecture, painting and sculpture. Main workmanships: Davi, Piet, Moiss, paintings of the Sistina Chapel (Final Judgment is known). 6. Art in the Age Contemporary The art contemporary was marked by the meeting of diverse styles, movements and techniques. Had to this diversity, all is difficult to define the art contemporary including the art produced in century XX. In this period it had an aesthetic revolution that it brought I obtain a succession of styles and movements, many of which of little duration and,> in its majority, centered in the search of new directions and innovative principles. These movements and styles if had characterized for marking a rupture with the classic art that it dominated since the renaissance. In the contemporaneidade the artists had not only produced paintings with traditional materials, with the oil on the screen, but also with any material that was available. This innovation took the radical creations still more, as the conceptual art and the performtica art. With this, it was extended definition of art, that started to include, beyond concrete objects, ideas and action.