According to the historical records of Wu-Shu, in the Song dynasty had normal empty hand forms, but already in the Ming dynasty, shadow boxing branched into two schools: the external and the internal, the first emphasizes the attack and the other defense. Over time and after establishing a geographical classification with the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River as a dividing line is defined with the names of the school from the North and South. This style is very marked traits and individuals, being casual than the practitioner of a cry to accentuate the force. Nan Quan (boxing in the shadow of the South) as it is also called, is very popular in all areas of the South overlooking the Yangtze River, especially in the provinces of Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Jiangxi, etc. However, its great development in these areas is varied and each one has its own schools and styles. For example, Fujian province has of: Hung s, Liu s Wuzu, etc. The provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi, as Hung, Liu, Chai, Li, Hakka, Fo, etc.
Zechian has different schools with different and varied styles among them. But the difference between these schools isn’t big, either in movements, displacement or way to move, because in reality, all have common features. As we have already seen, this boxing has many different styles and each zone its own. Generally we say that there are two fundamental schools where you can group styles of the South, having as features in common the following: in one, gets chest lengthening the back, lowering the shoulders and dropping them. Put the pelvis slightly Crouching (since contracting the abdomen to retain strength is needed in all practice of Nan Quan). Leave fallen elbows and bent arms, when a fist is released move one foot forward with half bent body, foot movements are fast, strong and coordinated with the body. In the other: you take out the chest, dropped waist, gets the abdomen and hips while we descend all the way into the position. When It is practiced in this style is needed to keep the body upright, stable feet and clear movements.
Before running the force or (Chi) dropped waist and slightly flexes the trunk, at the same time when it turns a foot and twisting waist runs the force. This occurs through the back and arm the face of the fist, with the help of waist and legs we transmitted to launch fist with a violent force. Work of the feet is firm and stable, and the body stays vertical. Regularly all the systems of the South was designed to maintain a trend in the type of people who were mostly Petite therefore this style of Kung Fu worked much on the small circles and confrontation in short because of its very particular region, unlike the diverse styles of the North higher than people were therefore boxing was identified as long and South as short boxing practitioners no doubt each region drove it according to its adaptability in martial arts. Original author and source of the Article