The concept of 'strategy' comes from the Greek strategos, which means' the art of deploying troops in combat. " However, the military term for the last 20 years is widely came into use professional theory and practice of management. To date, a strategy often understand the long-term plans for senior management to achieve long-term goals of the organization. Many Western experts say that a long-term intentions of business leaders in the manufacture, marketing and commerce, revenue and expenditure or investment. Considering the strategy aspect of enterprise management, there are several accepted definitions: Strategy – overall comprehensive plan designed to ensure the implementation of the company's mission.
However, the strategy can be viewed as a set of rules that guide the organization in management solutions. In addition, the firm's strategy can be defined as forward-looking system of measures that achieve specific goals identified by the company. From these definitions it is clear that the development strategy aimed primarily at adapting the organization to changes in external conditions. And it finds support in life, because in a highly competitive and rapidly changing situation, firms should not only concentrate attention to the internal state of affairs, but also develop long-term strategy of behavior that would allow them to keep pace with the changes occurring in their surroundings. The essence of the formulation and implementation of the strategy is to select the desired direction of development of numerous alternatives and direct industrial activity along the chosen path. Turning to the formation of business strategy must be noted that this process requires highly skilled performers.
The ancient methods of using other materials to ensure the necessary level of security. Thus, the walls often made of clay and straw, which were not destroyed in the earthquake, but only a crack, which then can be easily removed. Enemy of the buildings is not only a time. In 1995 an earthquake of 9.6 magnitude in Kobe just destroyed twenty seconds a lot of private houses, leaving hundreds of thousands of people homeless. However, the high pagoda still standing. Although they were a hundred years older and were built in the same manner as described above the building, they do not collapse. Flexibility dressing design increases the stability of the building, but still the main element is inside.
The question of stability of pagodas – is a matter of motion and harmonic oscillation. Surprisingly, the secret is the central pillar. It does not save the building structure, and is at the center, like a huge telegraph pole. This beam is, surprisingly, is attached only to the second floor, and not to the walls. Pole suspended from above and can move. When the earth is moving, swaying like a snake pagoda, leaning hard on the central pillar, which dampens the movement of foreign designs and makes her fall.
Here's a secret resistance to earthquakes. Japan is known not only strong earthquakes, but also high skyscrapers. Especially famous for their Tokyo. The construction of pagodas they found a new use of height restrictions do silhouette Tokyo lower than now. Inspired by the pagodas Modern builders create the skyscrapers, so that they swayed like a willow. This makes them resistant to earthquakes and therefore limit the growth of them up there. Technology of ancient pagodas were incorporated into the design of skyscrapers. Principle central pillar directly adapted to the four columns supporting the towers. Four massive steel columns form a flexible core skyscraper. Today's engineers have modified the principle of free- pillar pagoda. Flexible steel columns support combine with the frame of the building. They allow the building sway, until the earth moves. And it does not matter, used for its construction traditional brick or concrete blocks. During stagnation the Japanese assimilated and refined Western technology came from America, Europe and Asia. The ancient roots are visible not only in construction but almost everywhere. Modern pottery art, electronics, and technology required to ancient spirit and commitment to excellence. They ensured the success and recognition of contemporary Japan around the world.